Do government officials discriminate?

By Corrado Giulietti, Mirco Tonin, and Michael Vlassopoulos   Suppose you write an email to a school district or a library asking for information about enrolling your child to the school or becoming a library member. Do you expect to receive a reply? And do you expect this reply to be cordial, for instance including some form of salutation? It turns out that the answers to the two questions above depend on what your name is and on what it embodies. In a field experiment whereby we send emails signed by fictitious male senders to almost 20,000 local public services […]

Ist Diskriminierung menschlich?

Forschung – Ist es vorstellbar, dass jemandem die Nutzung einer Bibliothek verweigert wird, weil er oder sie schwarze Haare hat? Nein? Und wenn es um die Haut geht? Diese Art von Diskriminierung hat Uniprofessor Mirco Tonin in den USA nachgewiesen. Auch wir können daraus lernen.   Bozen – Mirco Tonin, Professor an der Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaften der Freien Universität Bozen, hat mit britischen Forscherkollegen Lokalverwaltungen in allen 50 US-Bundesstaaten angeschrieben, darunter Schulverwaltungen, Arbeitsämter, Sheriffbüros, Bibliotheken und Finanzämter. Die fingierten E-Mail-Anfragen der Forscher wurden einmal mit typisch „weißen“ Namen unterzeichnet (Jack Mueller, Greg Walsh), ein anderes Mal mit Namen, die auf […]

Studenti Liberi dai Pregiudizi

di Mirco Tonin Con l’inizio dell’anno scolastico ritornano in primo piano temi importanti come il reclutamento dei docenti, le materie, i metodi di insegnamento e l’adeguatezza delle strutture. Si parla poco di un fattore forse meno tangibile, ma non trascurabile: le aspettative riguardo ai risultati degli studenti. È importante — e quanto — che i ragazzi si sentano spronati da genitori e insegnanti a fare bene? Qual è il grado d’incidenza dell’ambizione delle famiglie nei risultati scolastici? Quanto simili considerazioni risultino cruciali è dimostrato da uno studio appena pubblicato da Naci Mocan e Han Yu, analizzando la credenza — diffusa […]

Sexism and Wage Discrimination

by Steve Stillman October, 9th, 2017   It is well established that women earn less than men with similar qualifications in most countries. This is true in New Zealand and other OECD countries, but exactly why it is the case is less clear.   In our research, we used wage data and productivity data from the whole of New Zealand to look at the reasons for the gender wage gap. We found that sexism is likely to be the most important driver of the gender wage gap, rather than women working in low-paying industries or firms, being less productive, or […]